What is really orthodontics and what is its main goal?
Orthodontics is an area of dentistry that deals with correcting the irregular position of the tooth and the incorrect position of the jaw. In the period of mixed dentition, when both milk and permanent teeth are present, the desired effect is achieved by mobile devices, and in the period of permanent dentition with fixed dentures.
The goal of orthodontic therapy is to achieve a proper and aesthetic appearance of the bite that will allow optimal chewing and re-distributing of the power so that we get the same load of all teeth. Also, the proper position of the tooth facilitates oral hygiene and thus reduces the risk of caries and periodontal diseases.
Sometimes the patient does not want to go through a long tooth repair procedure but immediately wants to grind his teeth and in 7 days correct the bite by making ceramic crochets.
There are indications when this is possible and when it is not possible. The extremely irregular teeth position, the large spacing between the adjacent teeth and the high gums grip on the teeth necks would give aesthetically very limited results with consequences that would not be negligible.
Therefore, the therapy with fixed devices is primarily advised. Only after the treatment completion the patient and the dentist jointly decide whether it is necessary to include the prosthetics. It was not rare that the therapy itself with fixed devices gave such high-quality results that the patient abandoned the grinding of his teeth.
Fixed Orthodontics Park City Therapy
A fixed orthodontic device consists of tubes or rings that are placed on the first permanent molars, locks attached to each individual tooth and wire arches passing through the central slot. The wire bows in the locks’ slot (central groove) can hold colored wire or rubber ligature, and then we talk about conventional or classic locks.
More modern and more favorable, the variant is a self-regulating lock. With such locks, there is no rubber ligature that retains food deposits and is difficult to maintain. The self- regulating fixed device has locks that hold the wire in the slot to hold the piston that opens and closes. Due to their mechanical properties, these locks reduce the overall duration of the therapy.
Apart from this division into classical and self-regulating, there is a division into aesthetic and metal locks. Locks are placed exclusively by an orthodontist specialist and can’t be removed by the patient. Controls are on every 4-6 weeks. Which locks will be set vary from case to case, patient’s desire and of course the price.
Orthodontics park city uses the best techniques and the most modern locks of American Orthodontics. So they will choose what is best for you, depending on your anomaly.
Hygiene and advice
A fixed device requires more time and effort because the locks that are glued to the teeth make it difficult to maintain proper hygiene. The teeth should be brushed after each meal because the food is kept on the tubes and locks. In addition to the classic brush, use interdental brushes that are small so that the spaces between the teeth and the locks can be cleaned. There are a large number of products on the market for just orthodontic patients. After placing the fixed apparatus, the teeth are more sensitive and you can feel anxiety for a few days. This is completely normal and occurs as a result of the force acting on the teeth.
There is also the irritation possibility of the face and lips mucous membranes that you can prevent by placing a protective wax or silicone over locks or irritating wire. Moving your teeth (slipping) is a normal occurrence and you should not worry about it. Avoid food that is adhering to your teeth and locks (caramel, chewing gum) and takes special care of hard foods and nuts as it can loosen the tube and the lock. Nothing is supposed to be torn with teeth, but cut into small pieces and slowly chewed.
Retaining the Teeth Position
After completion of the orthodontic treatment, the retention phase is as important as the wearing of the fixed device. The patient receives a retention device that can be: fixed or mobile, and its task is to keep the teeth in an upright position. A mobile retainer can be transparent, a film wore each night during the first year and as many hours during the day. A fixed retainer is wired connection 3-3 down and 2-2 up. When you do not carry your mobile retainer, your teeth move after removing the fixed device for the next 12 months because the periodontal fibers tend to return the tooth to the original position until the bone tissue around the teeth mineralizes and the tooth is not used to the new force.
If you do not carry your retainer, park city dentist can’t guarantee the results stability. If you do not follow the instructions for retention, the RECIDIVA probability is high!